What is the Electoral College?

By Alyssa Weems

The race to 270 votes is crucial when choosing the next President of the United States.

However, do the American people get a true say into who will win?

When choosing the next president, the Electoral College is the deciding factor.

According to the National Conference of State Legislators, the Electoral College was “established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution and modified by the 12th and 23rd Amendments”

The Electoral College is made up of 538 representatives, which include 435 U.S. representatives, 100 senators, and 3 electors from the District of Columbia.

Each state has a different number of representatives based on its total population. Currently, Texas has 36 U.S. representatives.

However, based on census that happens every 10 years, states could gain or lose those representatives.

To win the presidency, the candidate must be the first to get 270 votes from the Electoral College. Though the candidate may win the popular vote among the people, the Electoral College is the deciding factor.

Take the 2016 election for example, though Hilary Clinton was the most popular candidate, she received 232 votes from the Electoral College, compared with Donald Trump who received 306. Though it is rare for a candidate to be the most popular candidate among the people but not to be elected as president, it can happen.

We the people still have a right to voice our opinion and vote this election as those votes help influence those elected officials in the Electoral College.

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